All of the content featured on is the intellectual property of Kepios Pte. Ltd., and is protected by copyright.

If you’d like to feature our data or reports on your own website or blog, the best approach is to embed our original SlideShare presentations.

You’re also welcome to republish individual pages from our reports, provided at all times that your use of such content represents ‘fair dealing’ as defined by Singapore law, and that you adhere to the following terms and conditions:

  1. you do not charge people for access to the content (please contact us if you'd like to include data, charts, insights, or analysis from any of our reports as part of paid publications, products, or services);

  2. you republish each relevant page in its entirety and in its original design, including all dates, titles, flags, labels, data sources, footnotes, and brand logos;

  3. you do not intentionally misrepresent or distort any of the data or analyses;

  4. you include clear attribution to DataReportal and the report partner(s) detailed on page 2 of the relevant source report(s); and

  5. you include a clear URL or hyperlink to the relevant report page on

In all cases, please email us if you’d like to republish or recreate ten or more pages or charts from any of our reports, or if you’d like to republish any of the content in our analysis articles or blog posts.


If you’d like to reference our reports in academic, scientific, or research papers, we recommend the following citation style – you’ll need to replace the sections contained between < > with the relevant details for the report you’d like to cite:

DataReportal (<year>), “<Report Title>”, retrieved from <report page URL>

For example, if you’d like to cite our Digital 2021 Global Digital Overview report, we recommend the following citation:

DataReportal (2021), “Digital 2021 Global Digital Overview,” retrieved from

Similarly, if you’d like to cite one of our country reports, here’s an example using our Digital 2021 Indonesia report:

DataReportal (2021), “Digital 2021 Indonesia,” retrieved from

Please note that we’re unable to provide citation support for each specific context, so if you have any doubts, please ask your academic institution or your publisher for guidance on the most appropriate citation style for your needs.

Raw data and production files

Please note that we are unable to provide any of the raw data or files used to produce our reports.

Other enquiries

If you have any other questions about reusing any of the content featured on or in any of our reports, please click here to send us an email.